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HEIF – High Efficiency Image File Format

What is HEIF?
HEIF stands for High Efficiency Image Format. As the name suggests, it’s a more streamlined way to store image files. Using advanced, modern compression methods it allows digital photographs to be created in smaller files sizes, all while retaining higher image quality than its JPEG alternative.

 

HEIF is based on the HEVC (High Efficiency Video Compression) or H.265 video format already used on newer iPhones. HEIF isn’t actually an Apple invention at all, but was developed by the MPEG group that was also responsible for the AAC format used in iTunes.

Technically, HEIF isn’t really a format as such, more of a container for images and audio. The way Apple has outlined its use will be to store still images encoded with the HVEC (H.265) video format. This will work particularly well with Live Photos, as multiple images can be saved in the HEIF container. The same should also be true for dual camera images captured on the iPhone 7 Plus and the rumoured iPhone 8.

 

What advantages does HEIF have over JPEG?
While JPEGs have been the faithful standard of online images for a quarter of a century, times have moved on. Replacing the ageing format with HEIF will mean that capturing photographs on iPhone or iPads will now take up a lot less of the inbuilt storage.

This is good news, as the increasing quality of images and videos (with 4K video now becoming almost standard) means that users are constantly having to watch how much space is left on their devices. Apple’s adoption of HEIF should go a long way to alleviating this issue.

This reduction is down to the compression techniques employed by HEIF. In fact, the MPEG group claims that twice as much information can be stored in a HEIF image as a JPEG one of the same size.

So, presumably users will be offered the ability to store similar-quality images to the ones they’re already accustomed to, but in half the space. Alternatively, they could opt for higher-res files at the same size as their current JPEGs.

The fact that HEIF also supports 10-bit deep colour images will come as a blessed relief for iPhoneographers who have seen those mystical sunset images compromised by ugly banding caused by the 8 bits currently on offer.

Will you still be able to share images with non-iPhone users?
Apple recently revealed that iPhone users take more than a trillion photographs each year, which is a pretty staggering number. But even with these huge figures, the truth is that the web and Android users still make up the bulk of people, so Apple won’t be able to switch the world to HEIF just yet.

Instead iOS 11 will convert images to JPEG when you want to share them with non-iPhone-wielding friends, or for use on various social media sites.

Hopefully it won’t be long though before we see HEIF adopted across the board. In an age where storage space is at a premium, it can’t come fast enough.

Top 3 frameworks to begin with Android game development:

Unity:

Unity is the most popular free game engine nowadays. You can write a game in Unity using C#, C++ or JavaScript (you can use other options as well, but these are the three most popular languages on the platform). The 2D version of Unity is available free if your game is not making $100,000 or more in revenue. However, if you are looking for the advanced Unity 3D, it may cost some money. Although, the paid version is bang for the buck.
Unity 3D offers you cross-platform support to let you develop your game for Android as well as iOS platform. It caters you with the feature to deploy one code for multiple platforms in minimal time. The framework also has a great asset store to create your game development faster through the availability of ready-made codes.
Opting Unity provides a steep learning curve. The menus and options available are brilliantly  the development experience for newbies. Also, you can write code in C#, JavaScript or Boo script to come up with your first game.

CryEngine

If you are searching for something more advanced than Unity and at zero cost burden, CryEngine is just the perfect option for you. This platform has also begun its free shipping. (until you start making money hands over fist).
The foremost scripting language for CryEngine is Lua and C++ and C# are also present in helping your developing experience.

GameMaker

GameMaker Studio has been used to build a number of extremely popular games which includes Hotline Miami, Spelunky, Undertale, Risk of Rain and Nuclear Throne. It offers viable shortcuts to support certain types of 2D projects, especially which has concerns with the title based graphics.
Some integral things that you must know before you get on wiht GameMaker. Firstly, clicking the middle mouse in the code will show you what it is. Secondly, if you made a function or variable then clicking on the man middle mouse will show you the exact operation, and if it shares a connection with GameMaker, then you will be redirected to the help page.
You primarily need to thinkn about the a basics. For 2D games, you can look for 2D games like CryEngine or GameMaker. Nevertheless, if you are looking to develop an advanced gaming experience with all sorts of 3rd graphics including surround sound, you can pick a popular paid option like Unity 3D. It will also be subjected to   what programming languages you would like to consider for your game project and how are your skills when it comes down to programming.
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